Microbiotic crusts, or cryptogamic crusts as they have often been called, are arid land
soil crusts consolidated by a combination of cyanobacteria, eukaryotic algae, fungi,
lichens, and bryophytes. This site is a research site with background material on
microbiotic crusts, descriptions of our study sites, and a growing set of species
descriptions and illustrations. The work upon which the website is based has been
funded by the National Science Foundation.