Digital Audio Recordings
Streaming audio from local media server (e.g.,
Windows Media) - prerecorded audio for listening only.
Available to students 24 hours per day, 7 days per week
using any computer with Internet connection. For audio
supplied with textbooks, obtain permission from the copyright
holder before digitizing. The TEACH Act, passed by Congress
in November, 2002, provides for digitization of audio (without
permission) for delivery over computer networks under certain
conditions. To learn more about the TEACH Act, consult
the following: University
of Texas TEACH Act information, North
Carolina State University TEACH ACT information.
Audio only, SAMPLE (Windows
Media Player format).
Audio source can be prerecorded material bundled with
textbook, other sources with appropriate permission,
or recordings made locally by faculty and other proficient
Audio with synchronized text and/or still images, SAMPLE
- allows student to follow transcript of audio or to
view images related to the audio (created with Microsoft
Producer - free software if you have MS Power Point
installed on your computer - download from Microsoft).
CD Audio discs - play these in classroom with boombox
or in CD-ROM drive of computer (classrooms in Admin. bldg.
Prerecorded audio - these will primarily be music
CDs in target language. Other audio in target language
may be available on CD.
Audio from other sources - digital audio files
on computer hard disc can be used to create an audio
CD. These files can come from a variety of sources on
the Internet (use with permission only and/or follow
the TEACH Act), or can be produced locally (e.g., via
microphone connected to computer).
Student digital audio recordings
Student recording only - use digital recording
software on computer to create a recording (e.g., Audacity sound
editing software). Recordings can be saved and submitted
to instructor via Blackboard drop box.
With prerecorded program - prerecorded material
designed for student to record responses. For best results,
use dual track recording software like Audacity (available
in the LLC). Audacity is
free software and can be used on computers owned by students.
Recordings can be saved and submitted to instructor via
Blackboard drop box.
Digital Video Recordings
Video on DVD disc - this format is overtaking VHS
as the preferred format for prerecorded movies. DVD recorders
are also available now. These will replace VCRs in the
future as the preferred method to record video from broadcast
sources (you must follow JCU copyright policies that address
recording of programming). Play discs in a DVD player (a
stand-alone unit like those used for home entertainment)
or DVD-ROM drive of computer (classrooms in Admin. bldg.)
Streaming video from local media server, SAMPLE (broadband
only) - video on VHS tape can be digitized in streaming
video format for access 24 hours per day, 7 days a week
(using computer with broadband Internet connection). For
video supplied with textbooks, obtain permission from the
copyright holder before digitizing. The TEACH Act, passed
by Congress in November, 2002, provides for digitization
of media (without permission) for delivery over computer
networks under certain conditions. To learn more about
the TEACH Act, consult the following: University
of Texas TEACH Act information, North
Carolina State University TEACH ACT information.
Audio and video with synchronized text and/or still
- allows student to listen to audio and watch video while
viewing related images and text (created with Microsoft
Producer - free software if you have MS Power Point installed
on your computer - download from Microsoft).
Student created video - students use a digital
camcorder to record a video. Can be played back with a
digital tape player or transferred to computer for streaming,
Analog Audio Recordings
Prerecorded audio on cassette tape -typically this
will be audio provided by the textbook publisher to accompany
the text. Or may be audio obtained by faculty. Can be played
on cassette player in the classroom, or on student-owned
Analog Video Recordings
Prerecorded video on VHS tape (e.g., movies licensed
for home viewing)
Student created video - use camcorder to create
a student video. These can be played on VCR or digitized
and made available on the Internet (via media server).
Foreign language TV broadcasts
Free Satellite TV - there are a limited number
of foreign broadcasts available without subscription via
satellite. These require the use of a steerable satellite
dish and programming of the dish by technician to receive
a specific broadcast.
Subscription Satellite TV - the major subscription
satellite TV services offer some foreign language programming
Network). These can be watched live or recorded to
tape for later viewing (you must follow JCU copyright policies
that address recording of programming). Dish Network channels
are available in the LLC, OC 112 and the department library.
Digital still images
Images scanned from photographs or graphic art work
with flat bed scanner - images from many sources
on paper can be converted for digital presentation. These
may be organized with software like Power Point or Extensis
Portfolio, which allow for annotation. Presentation in
the classroom (with digital projector) is readily accomplished.
Images can be available on a network or the Internet
(providing permission is obtained for copyrighted images,
or follow the TEACH Act). Methods for restricting online
access to images exist if required by copyright holder.
Images scanned from film or slides - comments above
apply here as well.
Images acquired with a digital camera - images
from a digital camera are immediately ready for use, which
may be a useful characteristic.
Web pages or Acrobat pages - the web page format
is designed primarily for viewing on a computer monitor,
the Acrobat format is useful if a print out is desired.
On local computer - since nearly all computers
are loaded with a web browser, the web page becomes a
universal format for digital text. The format was developed
for the Internet, but it serves equally well for document
delivery on a local computer (store the files on computer
hard drive, network drive, or removable disc). Web pages
can also contain elements other than text: images, embedded
audio, embedded video. If the local computer has an Internet
connection, then one can also make use of hyperlinking
to other documents on the Internet. Use a digital projector
for display in the classroom.
On local server - by placing the web page on
the JCU web server, the page becomes available on the
Internet. This has the advantage of 24/7 access for students.
If access must be restricted, then web pages can be imported
to a course in Blackboard or
placed on Electronic
Reserve in the library. The web page on a server
also has the advantages described above for local computer.
Word processor documents - another common format
for digital text. However, the local computer must have
the appropriate word processing software loaded to display
the text (this becomes more of a limitation than for web
pages). Word processor documents created by faculty can
be used on a local computer in the classroom (e.g., by
digital projector), or imported to a course in Blackboard
for online viewing. If the classroom is appropriately equipped
with computers, word processors can be used for interactive
Local communications - may be used in a variety
of ways for communication between students and instructor.
Distant communications - may be used to communicate
with others located in a country using the target language
(pen pals). There are resources on the Internet to assist
in finding correspondents.
Local communications - use the discussion board
feature in Blackboard to create a local forum for students
in a course.
Video conferencing - use for communicating with
individuals in foreign countries. Both parties must have
a broadband connection to the Internet for this to work
Stand alone software for language learning. Transparent
Language is an example. Assuming quality programming,
the main disadvantage in stand alone software is that
it is difficult to incorporate into the curriculum of
a specific textbook. In addition, stand alone software
rarely incorporates tracking, which makes it difficult
to document student performance or usage. This type of
software may be more applicable for higher level courses
(if the material is at an advanced level). An example
would be Teaching
Medieval Lyric, which we use in the LLC (you can
examine this title in the LLC, located in the Spanish
folder on the desktop). Software in this category comes
from many sources and one must be diligent in the search
for this category of programming.
Links to other stand alone software examples:
Me More (has some interesting speech recognition
Software bundled with textbook - usually
the software comes in the form of a multimedia CD-ROM.
The quality of these can vary and usually there is no tracking
of student use. Currently we are using the CD-ROM for Prego
in first year Italian. In the past we have used CD-ROM
programs in first year Spanish. In addition, some publishers
now offer web sites with supporting materials for language
texts. Course cartridges for our Blackboard server are
also offered by some publishing houses. The online content
has the advantage of 24/7 access in or out of the LLC.
Tracking may or may not be available with online content.
Custom software has the advantage of programming
here on campus. The programming can be simple or complex,
as desired. The disadvantage is that substantial effort
may need to be expended to develop the software. Nevertheless,
this should not be a deterrent in at least considering
this software avenue. The LLC coordinator is ready and
willing to assist in custom programming. We can also employ
student help in this effort if required.
The most complex software we have developed to date is
the online workbook for first year Spanish (not currently
in use). In this case there was no need to develop the
content, it was lifted directly from the paper version
of the workbook and the accompanying CD-ROM program. However,
this effort required a significant time investment by faculty
and LLC staff.
It should be noted that we have substantial resources
on campus for creating custom software. The FTIC and FTIC
satellite (located in the LLC) are equipped with high-end
workstation computers, scanners, video and audio equipment,
etc. Furthermore, we have authoring software like Macromedia
Flash, graphics software, audio software, etc. These resources
combined with our Blackboard server and media server (Windows
Media) offer many possibilities.
HERE for examples created with Flash (turn your computer
Reference software, for example, dictionaries on
CD-ROM. There are a number of dictionaries available on
the Internet (click
here for example) as well as translation software (click
here for example).
Language learning systems
Analog systems - the Sony LLC 9000 system in the
LLC is an example of an analog system (audio cassette recorders).
Most of the functions available on our Sony system have
been replaced by digital technology incorporated into lab
computers. The cassette recorders in the LLC are no longer
functional. However, the LLC 9000 system continues to function
as a source of audio and video for lab computers.
Digital systems - a number of corporations offer
digital solutions that incorporate the functions we now
have in analog form with the Sony LLC 9000 system. Digital
technology in place in the lab now duplicates (and has
replaced) many of the functions of the Sony system. The
addition of SchoolVue software
to lab computers allows students and instructor to interact
in ways that are not possible with the Sony system.
Course management software
the course management software that we currently use on
campus. This system has great potential for language learning
and is already being used in a number of language courses.
We need to examine all of the capabilities of Blackboard
to appreciate its potential. Blackboard offers a convenient
method for creating online content in support for language
courses, including documents (web pages, word processing),
assessment material (quizzes, with results stored in electronic
gradebook), announcements, communication (e-mail, discussion
boards, virtual chat, student created web pages, group
web pages), drop box for submitting digital files to instructor
(e.g., word processing documents, audio recordings), provision
for including hyperlinks to other resources on the Internet.
Internet resources can be conveniently organized by authoring
local web pages with links to desired web sites (SAMPLE).
Language learning material - can be found on the
Internet. Nine American National Language Resource Centers
were created by grants from the U.S. Department of Education
and some of these centers have online content that can
be used freely. LARC at
San Diego State University is an example (try the Digital
Archive at this site). Additional resources can be found
at a number of universities (example: Carnegie
Literature - SAMPLE
Culture - many web sites can be found that offer
information on various cultures
Last update 3/28/07