Installing the classical Greek keyboard (Windows XP)
Using the classical Greek keyboard (Windows XP)
The active keyboard is indicated on the Taskbar (e.g., the English keyboard is represented by the letters EN). To select the Greek keyboard, first open the software you intend to use (e.g., Microsoft Word) and make sure that the software has the focus (click inside the software window). Then click the letters on the Taskbar (EN in the example illustration below) to open a keyboard menu and select Greek (EL).
The Greek keyboard should now be active, with the letters EL appearing on the taskbar. You may wish to work with the Language Bar on the screen. To restore the Language Bar, right-click on EL and select Restore the language bar from the menu.
The Language bar should now appear docked to the title bar of the software window. You can also drag the Language bar down into the document area if you wish, as illustrated below:
To return the Language bar to the Taskbar, click on the minimize button (button with a minus sign on right side of Language bar).
The On-Screen Keyboard can be used as an aid in learning the layout of this keyboard. To start the On-Screen Keyboard, follow this Start Menu path: Programs/Accessories/Accessibility. You can enter characters via the keyboard, using the On-Screen Keyboard as a template, or you can enter characters directly by clicking the keys on the screen.
You must select a font in the software you are using that supports classical Greek. Palatino Linotype is one font that can be used.
In order to type diacritical marks using the polytonic Greek keyboard, it is necessary to use "dead keys". Dead keys are keys that when pressed do not display anything on the screen until the next key is pressed. If the second key is for a character that can take a diacritical mark, then that character and the mark are displayed. If the second key is for a character that does not take a diacritical mark, then two characters are displayed, the first being a basic value for the key. To get a diacritical mark all by itself, press the appropriate dead key followed by a space.
The basic Greek keyboard is illustrated below:
The keys labeled with red arrows are dead keys. Press the dead key, release, then press the character to which the diacritical should be applied (the illustration above contains one example for each diacritical).
When you hold down the right Alt key, the keys change as illustrated below:
The right Alt key provides a second set of diacriticals. To apply these, hold the Alt key down and press the appropriate dead key. Then release both keys and press the desired character key.
When you hold down the Shift key, the keys change as illustrated below:
The Shift key provides a third set of diacriticals. To apply these, hold the Shift key down and press the appropriate dead key. Then release both keys and press the desired character key (hold the Shift key down again to obtain the upper case character).
When you hold down both the Shift and right Alt keys, a fourth set of diacriticals is available as illustrated below:
To apply the diacriticals above, hold down both the Shift key and the right Alt key and then press the appropriate dead key. Then release all three keys and press the desired character key.