Creation Myths
from Around the World

Use the following chart to describe how each of the assigned creation stories portrays the various elements of the universe. In your description of human beings, specify if there are differences between men & women and, if so, what they are.

God/the Gods Human Beings Plants & Animals Earth, Sky & Sea Wind, Rain, etc.
The Epic of Gilgamesh

ca. 2000 BCE Mesopotamia

Enuma Elish

ca. 1500 BCE Mesopotamia

Genesis 2:4b-3:24

ca. 950 BCE Israel

Genesis 1:1-2:4a

ca. 450 BCE Israel

Yunus 10.2-6

ca. 620 C.E. Arabia

ar-Ra'd 13.2-7

ca. 620 C.E. Arabia

The Rig Veda (10:129)

ca. 1850 BCE India

The Chandogya Upanishad

ca. 1850 BCE India

The Brihad-aranyaka Upanishad (1.4.1-7)

ca. 550 BCE India

The Giant Pangu

China, date unknown

Creation Myth from the Kojiki

C.E. 712 Japan

Father Earthmaker

ca. C.E. 1250 North America
the Dine/Navajo

How Men Came to Be on Earth

Nigeria, date unknown

The Big Bang

C.E. 1984 USA

  1. What do you make of the similarities and differences among these various perspectives? What trends can you find (e.g., historical development, regional affinity)?
  2. What do you see as the one most significant commonality of these myths? Why